Infrastructure for Asia

Small scale infrastructure can make a big difference - to people's lives, to local economies, to the environment and to national development goals. Where possible, we focus on nature-based solutions to minimise resource inputs and operational costs. Project ideas and funding opportunities are arranged by Sector and Category.

New ideas and funding sources are added regularly and you are welcome to send suggestions. There is a feedback form on each page.


Aligned with UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)


Within each sector there are several categories of project to choose from


Within each category there are a range of project options with possible funding ideas


Landlocked countries face particular challenges. A lack of access to ocean resources and fewer options for trade routes limit options for economic development. A high rate of rural urban migration in Bhutan places pressure on infrastructure such water supplies and waste management in the major cities of Thimphu and Phuentsholing.


A nation of over 14,000 islands, of which 10,500 are inhabited, faces many challenges as it transitions to a modern economy. A large population and abundant resources provide many options for economic development, but the cost infrastructure can be high. Indonesia faces particular problems with waste management and water supplies.

Small-scale Development Projects

In 2017 the ADB reported that developing countries in Asia need to invest $26 trillion from 2016 to 2030 for the region to maintain its growth momentum, eradicate poverty and respond to climate change through mitigation and adaptation. Annual investment is currently about half of what is required.

Smaller projects can often get overlooked. Projects to develop secondary cities, towns and rural areas improve the lives of millions of people and help reduce rural-urban migration. The economic, environmental and social benefits are huge.


Each sector has several categories that are linked to Sustainable Development Goals for each country. New categories will be added over time and you are very welcome to provide feedback on structure and content.


A range of project ideas are suggested in each category. These focus on nature-based solutions and mostly involve small-scale infrastructure. These are based on our research and experience of working with small cities and regions in Asia over the past 20 years. For each activity, potential funding sources are given with a brief description and a link to more information.